The 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall

The 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall was erected almost overnight on August 13th 1961 and stood as a boundary between West Berlin and East Germany, symbolising the division between Communism and democracy throughout the Cold War

Stretching over a hundred miles, the wall, which began as a fence with barbed wire, was strengthened over time to become a concrete structure reaching nearly 12 feet high and 4 feet wide. It was manned around the clock with Kalashnikov-clad guards on watchtowers and protected with attack dogs, tank traps, death strips and tripwires.

Guards that had once strived to keep the two borders separate, helped civilians to climb on top of the wall in celebration.

Many victims were killed trying to cross the boundary between East Germany and West Berlin. At the 20th anniversary of the fall of the wall, red roses lined cracks in the structure in memory of those who lost their lives.

Emotions ran high as jubilant East Germans surged through the gates, greeting West Berliners to celebrate as their divided city, and many of the families and loved ones that had been separated, were once again reunited.

Although the wall was not officially dismantled until June 1990, revellers took to bringing the wall down themselves and many chipped away chunks to sell or keep as souvenirs.

Here, graffiti-coloured shards of the wall lie on a car bonnet, waiting to be sold to willing buyers.

Segments of the Berlin wall now stand as a reminder of this tumultuous time in European history, and are a testament to those who were once separated for so long.

The 25th Anniversary weekend takes place from 7th – 9th November 2014 and will commemorate this special occasion with musical performances, a wall of lights, many open air exhibitions and a street festival at the Brandenburg Gate.